Constanta.  in Romania, Europe

Constanta

in Romania, Europe

Constanta Photo © Owner of this picture

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Constanta

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Casino -
	Constanta
Casino - Constanta. Photo by CameliaTWU
Located on the Black Sea’s western coast, Constanta is a big commercial center, just 185 miles far from the “Bosphorus Strait”. Originally named “Tomis”, Constanta is Romania’s largest port and also a historical metropolis, dating for more than 2,500 years. Nowadays, Constanta is the 3rd-largest city in Romania, being one of the most important economic and cultural centers in the country, worth visiting for its atmosphere and archaeological treasure. Its ancient ruins, museums, historical monuments, and approach to beach resorts make Constanta the finest tourist destination of the Black Sea (Wikipedia Article) coast.

History

Legend says that after the Golden Fleece was found, the Argonauts (Wikipedia Article) led by Jason landed here. Tomis was erected during the 6th century before Christ, by Miletos Greek colonists. However, in 71 before Christ, Tomis was conquered by the Romans and the Roman Emperor, Constantine the Great renamed the town “Constantiana”. Later on, when the Ottomans took over “Constantiana”, also the name changed to its actual one, “Constanta”. During the 13th century, Italian merchants arrived here, reviving the town that had decade so much under Ottoman rule.

In the 19th century, King Carol I saw an opportunity here and started the construction of fine hotels and mansions, making Constanta an important seaside resort and port.

Constanta viewed from a minaret -
	Constanta
Constanta viewed from a minaret. Photo by Gabriel

Landmarks

Constanta is more than the biggest town in Dobrogea (Wikipedia Article) region. It is a place full of history, with an interesting and captivating past, certified by its historic buildings, Roman vestiges, mosques, and facades in the color of the city.

Ovidiu’s Square

Ettore Ferrari, the famous Italian sculptor, designed the square in 1887 in memorial of Ovidius Publius Naso. Ovidius Publius Naso was a Roman poet who was exiled in Tomis by Emperor Augustus.

The Genoese Lighthouse

As mentioned above, Genoese merchants were the ones to revived Constanta after the rule of Turkish Empire, therefore this lighthouse was built as a memorial. The lighthouse, measuring 26 feet, was built during the 19th century (1860) by the “Danubis and Black Sea Company”.

The Casino

Built during the interwar period, the casino is a mixture of nouveau art styles. Its architects, Petre Antonescu and Daniel Renard managed to combine the wonderful location with some sumptuous architecture designs. Offering a wonderful view to the sea, the casino is the perfect destination for families and young couples, especially at sunrise and sunset.

The Great Mahmudiye Mosque

King Carol I founded the mosque in 1910 and since then it has been the home of the Mufti (Wikipedia Article), the mental leader of the 50,000 Muslims (Tatars and Turks) who have been living in Dobrogea region. The building is a mixture of Romanian and Byzantine arts, making it one of the most spectacular mosques in south-eastern Romania; its masterpiece is a large Persian Carpet dating since the Ottoman Empire was led by Sultan Abdul Hamid.

The Hunchiar Mosque

Sultan Abdul Azis, the 32nd sultan of the Ottoman Empire was the founder of this mosque, back in 1868. The Hunchiar Mosque is made of sandstone taken from an old Ottoman bridge which had been crushed in 1828. Oriental ornaments are still well-preserved, being admired every week by hundreds of tourists.

Museums



Art Museum

Founded in 1961, more than 7.000 Romanian masterpieces (sculptures, paintings; furniture, ceramics; upholstery; china) are exhibited here. More than a century of contemporary art can be admired here, ranging from Nicolae Grigorescu and Theodor Aman to Corneliu Baba and Ion Jalea.

National History and Archeology Museum

A fascinating collection of masterpieces from Daco-Roman, Roman, and Greek civilizations is presented, going through Dobrogea’s history, from the Stone Age to our modern times. Roman and Greek objects are on display at the main floor. “Glykon – The Fanatic Snake” is the oldest piece, dating from the end of the 2nd century before Christ.

Shopping

One of the favorite tourist destinations in Romania, Constanta provides top quality accommodation for travelers, busy shopping centers, and intense nightlife that visitors didn’t dream to see in a Romanian city. Sightseeing and shopping go hand in hand in the city center.

Dining

Constanta has a lot of locales where people can eat, offering all types of cuisines for anyone. The most popular food place in Constanta is “Restaurant Chevalet”, a place where good tastes are combined with a nice atmosphere.

Hotels

The architectural mix is impressive, so don’t be amazed if your accommodation includes a stay at a modern hotel, surrounded by 17th-century buildings and even older mosques. Hotels are affordable and the number of tourists coming from both Romania and from the West, increases each year. The beach is just meters away from the hotel and travelers can enjoy much more than a sunny day in Constanta. Deep sea fishing and sail fishing are two popular activities, and the abundance of sailfish virtually guarantees that no one will regret the time spent here.

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Author: Iuliana. Last updated: May 31, 2015

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